Food security and Markets
In 2014 the results of the National Food Security Survey in Chad suggested that 2.4 million people were affected by food insecurity, 4% of whom faced severe food insecurity. The prevalence of malnutrition is much higher in rural areas than in urban areas. On average, more than 35% of children in rural areas compared to 23% in urban areas suffer from global chronic malnutrition. To meet these challenges, Caritas Switzerland's programme in Chad is pursuing the following objectives in terms of food security and markets:
- Improving integrated management of natural resources and production systems with the aim of enabling rural communities and small producers to manage natural resources sustainably and increasing the productivity of production systems.
- Providing support for the development of inclusive market and value chain systems with the aim of ensuring quality production, facilitating competitive market access for small producers, improving their incomes and creating local employment.
Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk reduction
Dominated by small family farms with very limited means, agricultural production in Chad is based on low-input, slash-and-burn itinerant farming. Under these conditions, sufficient production can be ensured thanks to the long fallow period which allows the soil to regain its fertility. Recent decades have witnessed strong pressure put on basic natural resources due to high population growth, increases in herd sizes and a decline in isohyets, resulting in a significant reduction in fallow periods. As a consequence, family farms and rural communities remain vulnerable and exposed to climate change and disasters. They face poor rainfall distribution, flooding, droughts and rising temperatures. The objectives of the programme in Chad in the realm of climate change and disaster risk reduction are as follows:
- Adaptation to climate change: one of the programme's priorities is to strengthen the ability of small family farms and communities in rural areas to adapt to climate change.
- Disaster risk reduction: the aim is to support these same communities and family farms in rural areas so that they are able to adapt to the impacts of natural disasters and thus mitigate the resulting losses and damage.
Humanitarian aid is not a sector of activity in its own right under the Chad programme. Instead, it is a question of intervening on an ad hoc basis in the event of an emergency, and principally in complementarity with the food security programme already implemented.