Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world, with poverty affecting more than half the population. Despite its wealth of natural resources and national agricultural and climate change policies, the country still faces major challenges such as droughts, strong winds, sand storms, floods and epidemics.
Terrorism-related insecurity is recurrent despite the 2015 peace and reconciliation agreement and deployment of peacekeeping and counter-terrorism forces (UNMISMA, Operation Barkhane and G5 Sahel) in Mali.
The Malian economy is based essentially on the agricultural sector (agriculture, fishing, livestock and forestry). Highly dependent on natural resources, the agricultural sector is very vulnerable to climate change. The sector employs about 70% of the working population, which derives little income from this production. The reasons are many: demographic growth, extensive exploitation of natural resources, migratory flows to urban centres and artisanal gold mining sites, illiteracy, etc. As a result, the nutrition and food situation of the population remains a concern, especially for women and children aged 0-5 years.
Caritas Switzerland's programme in Mali supports a range of activities, especially in the south-west and centre of the country covering Mopti, Bamako, Koulikoro, Sikasso and Kayes.The strategy corresponds to both the Sustainable Development Goals and the Strategic Framework for Economic Recovery and Sustainable Development programme.