Tadschikistan

Mitigate the risks of natural disasters with sustainable tree sapling supply chains

Tajikistan is the poorest of the Central Asian republics. The difficult situation of the population, most of whom live from agriculture and livestock farming, is exacerbated by climate warming: unpredictable extreme natural events such as heavy rain, which occurs at the same time as the snow melts, and very high temperatures in the summer months occur ever more frequently. This project improves people's life situations by reducing disaster risks, increasing forest areas and setting up supply chains for tree saplings and fresh produce, respectively.

 

Country / Region
Khatlon, Muminabad, Khovaling and Shamsiddin Shohin districts


Target group
91 350 inhabitants (with special focus on women)


Funding requirement
1'235'966 Swiss francs


Project duration
01.07.2019 to 30.06.2022


Project number
P190009


Project objective
Improve the living situation of the inhabitants by reducing disaster risks, increasing the forest area through afforestation and setting up supply chains through economic development in the project region.


Project coordinator
Martina Weber, Tel: 041 419 24 56; mwebernot shown@caritasto make life hard for spam bots.ch

 
 

Background information

The Republic of Tajikistan lies in Central Asia, with an area of 143 100 km² and a population of some 8.6 million. It borders Afghanistan in the south, Uzbekistan in the west, Kyrgyzstan in the north and China in the east.

The Human Development Index 2018 ranks Tajikistan 127th out of 189 countries and it is thus considered to be a “medium-developed country”. Despite this classification, Tajikistan is the poorest country of the Central Asian republics.

The causes and consequences of poverty are closely interrelated and form a vicious circle from which people in most cases cannot escape: economy, income and health are mutually dependent.

This initial situation is exacerbated by the already noticeable climate warming. As a result of the heavy rain, which occurs simultaneously with the snow thaw, and increasingly higher temperatures in the dry summer months, additional measures such as afforestation and the introduction of deep-rooted fodder crops are essential in order to reduce the ensuing disaster risk.

 

What are we doing?

In order to reduce poverty and the disaster risk in the three districts of Muminabad, Shamsidin Shohin and Khovaling in East Khatlon Province, the project aims to reduce the population’s vulnerability to extreme natural phenomena so that even if such events do occur, this will not trigger off a disaster situation. A natural phenomenon cannot be prevented, but its effects can be mitigated.

The key focus is on measures to combat poverty, on green approaches to reducing the risk and vulnerability to disasters, and on improved resilience of the population.

Project activities comprise:

  • Development and implementation of viable business models for backyard tree nurseries and fodder crop seedling production; supporting a sustainable system for the provision of high-quality and inexpensive tree seedlings and fodder crop seedlings for vulnerable areas that are exposed to natural hazards.
  • Identification of particularly vulnerable land areas by local communities and Government agencies; conversion of these areas into agro-forestry / multi-purpose plantations to set up profitable, diversified usage of land and resources, simultaneously reducing disaster risk.
  • Capitalization of know-how and dissemination of the developed approaches, experience gained, and successes achieved, including less successful initiatives.

The project involves all levels of the population, district authorities, regional and national agencies. 91 350 people benefit directly from the project, and as many again gain the long-term benefit of reduced disaster risk. Furthermore, within the project’s duration it is intended to produce, sell and plant 250 000 seedlings in the identified vulnerable land areas. Another 500 000 seedlings are to be produced, sold and planted in the first five years after the end of the project.

The planting of deep-rooted plants such as alfalfa, which is a significantly drought-tolerant fodder crop, and seedlings for orchards and kitchen gardens, will strengthen the resilience of the population and reduce the risk of disasters such as mudslides and flash floods.

Moreover, the fact that good quality sowing seeds and seedlings are produced at village level and that the technical knowledge and know-how is built up locally further strengthens the respective supply chains for tree saplings and fresh produce. This collectively sensitizes the whole community and promotes shared responsibility for long-term sustainable land usage.

The long-term objectives are increased biodiversity, the securing of livelihoods, and healthy ecosystems in East Khatlon Province.

 

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