The present project continues the successful work of a previous project, in which an energy-efficient wood stove made from metal was developed. It was launched on the market in the Muminobod District in Tajikistan. The stove cuts fuel consumption by up to 30 per cent and reduces emissions, including CO2, and thus reduces domestic and general air pollution in an innovative way. In the current project, this stove will be introduced in the neighbouring districts. First, a range of models, which were developed in the previous project for different requirements, are to be further improved with regard to energy efficiency, emissions and user-friendliness.
In a second step, the value chain for energy-efficient stoves will be developed and optimised. The blacksmith workshop in Muminobod, which has already cooperated with Caritas in two earlier projects and is equipped with modern machinery, will supply interested blacksmith workshops in the neighbouring districts with prefabricated parts. These are then bent and assembled into stoves. This process enables the cooperating workshops to produce energy-efficient stoves at relatively low investment costs and thus open up a new source of income. Thanks to the division of labour, productivity increases, so that the stoves can be offered at affordable prices. At the same time, the scope of the project is extended, which allows a more significant environmental impact to be achieved.
In order to guarantee its sustainability, the production and marketing of the energy-saving stoves are done on a purely commercial basis. This means that the workshops are not subsidised by the project, but work on their own account. Equally, the project will not establish its own promotion and distribution structures, rather, the sales take place via dealers. The project takes on the task of developing networks among the individual actors of the value chain, advising them in contract negotiations and mediating if any problems arise. In addition, it supports the blacksmiths in business aspects such a calculating prices, producing business plans and using them as a management tool, and subsidises necessary investments to a limited extent. The project also organises and funds the technical training of the newly included blacksmiths. By concentrating the project’s contribution on a supportive and advisory role, the blacksmiths are enabled to tackle and master the new challenges independently. In addition to the producers, the project also works according to the same principles with the participating suppliers, transport companies and dealers in order to ensure a smooth functioning of the value chain. Individual targeted promotional measures such as the broadcasting of advertising spots and a promotional film on state television, as well as the provision of information material, supplement the work of the dealers and strengthen the sales performance.
In order to enable poor households to acquire an energy-efficient stove, the project also arranges the provision of interest-free, earmarked loans by organisations in the communities.The intention is to take account of the experiences gained in this project in the medium term for a planned major project across borders, which will propagate further energy saving measures such as house insulation.